Nanobubbles

NanoPlasma

Ultrafine Bubble Generators

NanoPlasma

Ultrafine Plasma Bubbles (NanoPlasma) is a technological breakthrough and can be used in aquaculture on live fish and all other areas where water is used, Ultrafine Plasma Bubbles reacts 200 times faster than UV and 2000 times faster than ozone, Cold Plasma already contain ions and hydroxyl radicals so when the nanobubbles burst there will ba a chain reaction that first release the hydroxyl radicals in the nanobubbles and then the hydroxyl radicals, free electrons and superoxide ions in the Cold Plasma is released. As NanoPlasma water exceeds the efficiency of commonly used disinfection media as alcohol and hydrogen peroxide, the choice is simple, clean water with no chemicals.


Concerns:

Cold Plasma, oxygen and air is safe for use in all areas and creates hydroxyl radicals that is one of the most powerful water treatment media, NanoPlasma bubbles hydroxyl radicals is a 1000 times stronger oxidizing agent and does the job 5000 times faster than chlorine.


Cold Plasma, Oxygen or Air?

As NanoPlasma water with a power usage of only 7 watt exceeds the effectivity of commonly used disinfection media as alcohol and hydrogen peroxide, the choice is simple, clean water with no chemicals. Air or oxygen can also be used with very good result, both of them will create the needed oxidation process that is the basis for the nanobubbles efficiency.


Below is the difference between ozone, oxygen and air as gas medium, by use of air there will be no need for air compressors or other generators. Ozone will no longer be used due to the bad reputation and possible danger for aquatic life.




Cold Plasma Power

ROS - Reactive Oxygen Species           RNS - Reactive Nitrogen Species

       Radicals                                                            Radicals        

           O2 Superoxide                                                           NO Nitrix Oxide

           OH Hydroxyl                                                               NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide

           RO Alkoxyl

           RO2 Peroxyl                                                            Non-Radicals

           HO2 Hydroperoxyl                                                     ONOO Peroxynitrite


       Non-Radicals                                                   UV Radiation

           H2O2 Hydrogen Peroxide                                        Electrons

           1O2 Single oxygen                                                     IONS +/-


No components is listed on the Biocidal Products Regulation (EU) No 528/2012 (BPR)

Ultrafine Bubble  Power

Bubble size 50 to 120 nM

Neutral buoyancy

High negative surface charge

High gas reserve

400 times surface area compared to micro bubbles

Very high mass transfer

Delivery body of any kind of gas

High gas transfer efficiency 85-95%

Oxidation

Free radicals

Strong electric charge

High disinfection power


BECOMES NANOPLASMA

The most powerful water treatment tool known to man

ORP and Hazard information for the most used media

Hatcheries and aquaculture

• Hatchery tank aeration
• Water quality improvement
• Evenly oxygenates the entire water column
• Highest oxygen utilization when compared to all alternatives
• Stable dissolved oxygen levels
• Healthy fish
• Superior water quality and disease prevention
• Breakdown of off-flavor compounds in RAS systems
• Biofilm control
• Increased fish growth rate

• Increased fresh fish storage

 

Lake and open sea treatment

• Introduces two forms of gas into the water: dissolved oxygen and nanobubbles

• Very high oxygen transfer efficiency (OTE) >85%

• Automatic operation

• Evenly oxygenates the entire water column
• Highest oxygen utilization when compared to all alternatives
• Stable dissolved oxygen levels
• Simple and immediate ramp up or down capability
• Superior water quality and disease preventio

• Resets sediments to its original state

• Effective media for stopping algae blooms, and killing toxins

  and cyanobecteria

Didemnum vexillum

• Kills unwanted organizmes in ballast water

• Kills Didemnum vexillum
• Desinfect water
• Biofilm Removal
• Antifouling (prevents attachement of new organizmes)
• Reduced maintenance costs

• ORP Chlor 1,36mV - ORP NanoPlasma 1300mV

 

Municipal Water

• Keeps water free from e-coli, salmonella, legionella,

  mycobacterials,  listeria, campolybacter etc.

• Biofilm, algae, algae toxines and scaling removal

• Evenly oxygenates the entire water column

• Keeps all piping, pumps and machinery clean and 100%

  desinfected at all time

• Reduced Maintenance Costs

• All areas washed with ultrafine bubbled water will be desinfected,  

  included handwash and bodywash

• Less or no chemicals for laundry

• Cleans wastewater and drain pipes from end users

• All areas where nanobubbled water is used will be desinfected, 

  everything from hospitals, airports, food industry to small apartments


Municipal Water

• Keeps water free from e-coli, salmonella, legionella, mycobacterials,  

  listeria, campolybacter etc.

• Biofilm, algae, algae toxines and scaling removal

• Evenly oxygenates the entire water column

• Keeps all piping, pumps and machinery clean and 100% desinfected at 

  all time

• Reduced Maintenance Costs

• All areas washed with ultrafine bubbled water will be desinfected,

  included handwash and bodywash

• Less or no chemicals for laundry

• Cleans wastewater and drain pipes from end users

• All areas where nanobubbled water is used will be desinfected,

  everything from hospitals, airports, food industry to small apartments

Food processing, storage and fresh food

• Removes bad smell

• No need for cleaning agents, plain water does a better job

• Kills organismes, virus and fungus
• Desinfect water and equipment
• Biofilm Removal
• Antifouling (prevents attachement of new organizmes)
• Reduced maintenance costs

• Ultrafine bubbled ice keeps the food fresh and tasty for longer time

• No bad smell from cooled and refrigerated counters

Nanobubble addition in fuel

• Diesel engines runs cleaner with lower consumption

• B90 Fuel

  25% Fuel consumption reduction

  5% NOX Reduction

  25% CO Reduction
• B100 Fuel

  35% Fuel consumption reduction

  11% NOX Reduction

  16% CO Reduction

Pump

NanoPlasma Cabinet

Ready to connect

For use in

Agriculture

Aquaculture

Dental care

Poultry

Aereation

Water treatment

Food processing and storage

Disinfection

Washdown

General cleaning


Capacities

7 l/min

18 l/min

25 l/min

80 l/min

100 l/min

300 l/min

500 l/min


Ultrafine bubbles mix with the water and do not rise like microbubbles, the bubbles can be bound to the water for several weeks.

About 1 million Ultrafine bubbles fit inside a microbubble, which forms a surface of 2000 x microbubbles.

From PLoS ONE 8(6): e65339 Research


Ultrafine bubbles (<200 nm in diameter) have several unique properties such as long lifetime in liquid owing to its negatively charged surface, and its high gas solubility into the liquid owing to its high internal pressure. They are used in variety of fields including diagnostic aids and drug delivery, while there are no reports assessing their effects on the growth of lives. Nanobubbles of air or oxygen gas were generated using a nanobubble aerator (BUVITAS; Ligaric Company Limited,
Osaka, Japan). Sweetfish (for 3 weeks) and rainbow trout (for 6 weeks) were kept either within air-ultrafine bubble water or within normal water. Oxygen-ultrafine bubble significantly increased the dissolved oxygen concentration of water as well as concentration/size of ultrafine bubbles whichwere relatively stable for 70 days. Total weight of sweetfish increased from 3.0 to 6.4 kg in normal water, whereas it increased from 3.0 to 10.2 kg in air-ultrafine bubble water. In addition, total weight of rainbow trout increased from 50.0 to 129.5 kg in normal water, whereas it increased from 50.0 to 148.0 kg in air-ultrafine bubble water.

Ultrafine bubbles in agriculture

Video from the Fine Bubble Industries Association Headquarter